Your official city guide to Bydgoszcz

Bydgoszcz Cathedral

Bydgoszcz Cathedral

Description

In 2004, the Bydgoszcz Fara Church was
raised to the rank of Cathedral of the Diocese
of Bydgoszcz by the decree of Holy Father
John Paul II. However, for many centuries
and for dozens of generations of Bydgoszcz
residents, it had been the only and most
prominent municipal church. Before it was
built, there had been two places of worship,
namely the Church of St. Giles and the castle
chapel. When they were erected, Bydgoszcz
was not a city. In 1346, just after the city was
founded, work started on the construction
of a municipal church in the proximity of
the Market Square and City Hall, in line with
medieval traditions. Initially, the Bydgoszcz
Fara Church was a wooden structure. After
it was consumed by fire, the decision was
made to build a stately, Gothic brick church.
Construction continued between 1466
and 1502. Saints Nicholas and Martin were
chosen as its patrons. As patron saints of trade and many crafts, they were best suited
for the commercial aspirations of the city.
This Gothic hall church built from brick
features a nave and two side aisles. It has the
chancel closed from three sides and a square
tower to the south. A two-storey arcaded
porch adjoins the church from the west.
The main entrance to the church features
Renaissance oak doors, adorned with coats
of arms and initials of guilds and Bydgoszcz townsmen. Its interior charms with the
unique abundance of colours, something
which is rarely seen in the region of northern
Poland. Polychromes date from 1922-1925 and were made by Henryk Nostitz-
Jackowski. However, the most important
masterpiece in the Cathedral, which is also
an object of worship, is the Madonna with
the Rose. The painting from the high altar
is the centrepiece of the church, attracting
the attention of the faithful and tourists. It is
a late-Gothic painting of the Madonna and
Child, holding a little rose in the other hand.
do góry

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